Repatriation of Syrians in Turkey in Light of Principles of International Law

In 2011, the internal tensions in Syria which had taken place earlier through rebellions and uprisings turned into a civil war and it still continues in Syria today. The matter of violation of human rights in Syria which has been taking place for a long time has not been resolved, and by the resistance of the people against the regime …

Consular Access for Spies and Terrorists: The Jadhav Case in the ICJ

On 17 July 2019, the International Court of Justice (the “ICJ” or the “Court”) issued its judgment in the Jadhav case. This case concerns Mr. Kulbhushan Sudhir Jadhav, a national of the Republic of India (hereinafter “India”), who was arrested by the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (hereinafter “Pakistan”) and was tried and was sentenced to death by Pakistan’s military court …

Addressing the Causes not Symptoms: International Law and the Environment

The Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change, has recently reminded us that the environmental issues we face today pose an existential threat. Until now, we have responded to these problems through international legal action. Proposing a change in priorities, this article will argue, …

Unlawful Consent is Still Consent: International Law Perspectives on Komstroy vs Moldova

On 2 September 2021, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) issued the much-awaited judgement in the Komstroy vs Moldova case (C‑741/19). The CJEU held that intra-EU arbitrations (viz., arbitrations initiated by an EU investor against an EU Member State) based on the investor-state dispute mechanism provided for in Article 26 of the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) are …

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The practical use of forensic technology

As technology infiltrates every aspect of our lives, it is no wonder that solving crimes has become almost futuristic in its advances. From retinal scanning to trace evidence chemistry, actual forensic technologies are so advanced at helping to solve crimes that they seem like something from a science fiction thriller. With all this forensic technology, it’s no wonder that this …

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How to handle data acquisition in digital forensics

Digital forensics evidence is volatile and delicate. As such, the inappropriate handling of this evidence can mar your entire investigative effort. Due to the fragility and volatility of forensic evidence, certain procedures must be followed to make sure that the data is not altered during its acquisition, packaging, transfer, and storage (that is, data handling). These specified procedures outline the …